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Social Security Administrative Costs: a Receipe for Collapse

Date:2011-08-15 16:40From:insurance Author:Kortor Kamara Hits:clicks

  

OVERVIEW:

As the nation awaits the second actuarial evaluation of the National Social Security & Insurance Trust (NASSIT), a thorough analysis and understanding of the initial actuarial valuation report conducted by Canadian based actuarial firm Regie Des Rentes Du Quebec (RRQ) for the period ending December 31, 2004, is instructive in assessing the performance and future viability of the nation’s pension scheme. medical insurance

Pursuant to Article 47 of the National Social Security & Insurance Trust Act, 2001 an actuarial evaluation of the pension scheme is by law required every 3 years during the first ten years of the pension scheme and once every five years thereafter. The scheme was initially implemented in 2002 with the first actuarial valuation performed in 2004. The second statutory valuation should therefore be conducted by 2007/2008 and an actuarial report issued soon thereafter.

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The 2004 RRQ actuarial studies report while acknowledging the general good financial condition of the scheme, as expected of start-up schemes without pension payment liabilities, however highlighted areas of concern and deficiencies that both Sierra Leonean policymakers and pension participants must be made aware of and requisite steps taken to address in order to forestall the Trust’s failure and potential bankruptcy.

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Aside from the need for growth in the insured population and the need for more scheme experience data, the actuarial report paid especial focus on the exorbitant administrative expenses and costs and the management of investments, as areas of concern requiring corrective measures. shanghai insurance

ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS

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An analysis of the pension scheme’s administrative costs, according to the actuarial report, reveals that NASSIT’s “administrative expenses compared to insurable earnings were higher than the level expected in the inception report ”. Healthcare insurance

It is worth noting that at inception of the scheme an industry best practice expenditure for administrative costs was pegged at 1% of insured earnings as recommended by the International Labor Organization (ILO).

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However, since 2002 when administrative costs were at 1,691 billion Leones, the administrative costs have progressively increased to 3,250 billion Leones in 2003 and to a whopping 6,407 billion Leones in 2004. As noted in the RRQ actuarial report, the 2004 costs exceeded the ILO recommended 1% for the scheme’s administrative costs by a proportion of 230%.

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In the recently published annual report for 2006, NASSIT reported general administrative expenses at 15.3 billion Leones while the Trust’s payments in pensions amounted to a paltry 1.9 billion Leones. The 15.3 billion Leones in administrative costs represented an increase from 14.4 billion Leones in the previous 2005 fiscal year. Thus as of the year 2005, administrative costs represented 5 percent of the insurable earnings of the scheme. Such a ratio glaringly is economically untenable as even when compared with other African countries 1.5% for administrative costs, the trajectory of NASSIT’s administrative costs remains one of the highest in the world.




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